Environmental Systems: An Overview
Environmental control systems help protect commercial buildings from floods, hazardous materials, and toxic gases such as carbon monoxide. They also monitor temperature changes and keep facilities within optimal ranges for the preservation of products and the safety of employees.
These systems vary in size and complexity depending on the size and nature of the facility where they are implemented. For instance, a hospital or factory would have a much more extensive and elaborate system than a small office space or a small-scale retail location. These systems are important to detect hazardous conditions within a building.
Below, we’ll take a closer look at the common elements of an environmental system and how they work to protect commercial spaces from hazards.
Flood detection is a common component of environmental systems and is frequently incorporated into server rooms or sprinkler rooms. Flood sensors can detect moisture levels, water, and temperature fluctuations that could be indicative of leaks, broken pipes, or floodwater from a storm.
Sensors are typically placed in facilities with basements and buildings where the lower level is below grade, as they are more susceptible to flooding and excess moisture. Often, flood sensors are linked to sump pumps, which will automatically pump water out of the flooded space and away from the building’s foundation.
Temperature control systems monitor the ambient temperature of commercial buildings. Depending on the complexity of the space, different zones can be established and heated or cooled to different temperatures. If your commercial space houses products that need refrigeration or a specific temperature range to ensure safe-keeping, a temperature control system ensure the climate remains within an optimal range.
Carbon monoxide monitoring
Carbon monoxide monitoring is essential for safety in any building and can easily be incorporated into your building’s environmental system. Sensors should be placed throughout your commercial space.
If CO concentration reaches a dangerous level, the sensor will trigger an alarm, notifying employees to evacuate the premises. At the same time, an alert will be sent to Central Station where an agent will dispatch the appropriate response team.
Some businesses may benefit from monitoring for additional gases beyond CO. Propane, natural gas, and other toxic chemicals can be hazardous in high concentrations. For facilities that work with these substances, gas detection is an essential part of environmental monitoring for the safety of employees and customers.
There are various types of gas sensors, including electrochemical, catalytic diffusions sensors, infrared, and metal oxide sensors. Each of these devices monitors the concentration levels of specific gases within a room. If concentrations exceed safe levels, an alarm is triggered.
The Bottom Line
Environmental systems work to keep the conditions of your commercial space comfortable and safe for employees. They also protect your products and equipment from extreme fluctuations in moisture or temperature.
These systems can be customized to meet the needs of any organization. An experienced security partner can help augment deficiencies in an existing system or design a complete, custom system to suit the unique needs of your business and commercial space.
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